Poland is a country in Central Europe and covers the area of 312 679 km² making it the 69th largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38 million people, Poland is the 33rd most populous country in the world. It’s bordered by Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania and Russia. Poland is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions called voivodeships.
Warsaw is its capital and largest city. Other big cities include: Gdańsk, Łódź, Wrocław, Szczecin, Kraków and Poznań.
A conventional date the country came into existence is 966 when Mieszko I of Poland, who was the sovereign of the territories which nowadays lie within the borders of Poland, was baptised. In 1025 the Kingdom of Poland arose. The current borders of Poland were established during the Potsdam Conference at the conclusion of World War II in 1945.
The natural environment of Poland is highly diversified. The Baltic Sea is located to the North whereas vast lowlands and the lake district cover most of its northern and central part. The South is dominated by highlands and two mountain ranges: the Carpathians and the Sudetes.
The most important sectors of Polish economy in 2015 were: industry (26,1 %), wholesale & retail commerce, transport, accommodation & gastronomic services (25,4 %) and public administration, defence, education, health care and welfare (14,7 %).